Related data sets
What do we do? - Science


The project CARINA (carbon dioxide in the Atlantic Ocean) emerged from a workshop on "CO2 in the northern North Atlantic", that was held in June 1999 in Delmenhorst, Germany.

Objectives are:

  • to bring together research groups that measure CO2 in the Atlantic Ocean
  • to create an inventory of CO2-measurements carried out in the Atlantic Ocean
  • to make available also yet unpublished data to the data contributors
  • to form working groups, that cooperate on various aspects of the CO2 system in the Atlantic
  • to exchange actual information concerning CO2 research in the Atlantic and assist in future cooperation



The GLobal Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP) is a cooperative effort to coordinate global synthesis projects funded through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the National Science Foundation (NSF) as part of the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study - Synthesis and Modeling Project (JGOFS-SMP). Cruises conducted as part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), JGOFS, and the NOAA Ocean-Atmosphere Exchange Study (OACES) over the decade of the 1990s have created an oceanographic database of unparalleled quality and quantity. These data provide an important asset to the scientific community investigating carbon cycling in the oceans. The central objective of this project is to generate a unified data set to help determine the global distributions of both natural and anthropogenic inorganic carbon, including radiocarbon.



At the “Surface Ocean CO2 Variability and Vulnerability” (SOCOVV) workshop at UNESCO, Paris in April 2007, co-sponsored by IOCCP, SOLAS, IMBER, and the Global Carbon Project, participants agreed to establish a global surface CO2 data set that would bring together, in a common format, all publicly available fCO2 data for the surface oceans. (The fugacity of carbon dioxide, or fCO2, is the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) corrected for non-ideal behaviour of the gas.)



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